Review of the William Optics 102 GT
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Telescopes are typically stored and operated over a wide range of temperatures. Changing temperatures and extreme temperature ranges affect nearly all materials used in constructing telescopes, as well as the optical properties of the air in the immediate vicinity. This article discusses the two principle effects of temperature on telescope materials: (1) changes in optical and structural material dimensions with temperature, and (2) changes in optical glass refractive index with temperature. These two temperature-dependent material properties usually combine to negatively affect optical performance in refractive and catadioptric systems if not compensated for, and system optimization must account for these properties in the design phase to minimize temperature effects on telescope performance.
Today there seem to be more amateurs than ever getting into the hobby, and like many of us, they are not just interested in the targets in the night sky but the optical systems themselves. Although seemingly simple an optical system is quite a complex thing, with various and confusing elements.
In a telescope, you can vary the exit pupil by changing the eyepiece. In a fixed power binocular the exit pupil you purchase is the exit pupil you live with. The question answered here is this: What happens when your eye pupil is smaller than the binocular exit pupil
Ever hear of mirror flexing? If not, you are in for a treat with this article. Carlos takes you step by step through a complete newtonian conversion project