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Sometimes I take something everyone else does

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#1 Rick J

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Posted 28 March 2013 - 03:30 PM

I found I never did do it digitally and my film version was lost when a tree came through the roof 20 years ago so it was time to correct that hole in my collection.

M10 is a rather large, in angular size, globular in Ophiuchus about 14,300 light-years from us and about 16,000 light years from the center of the galaxy. Most globulars are rather well endowed with variable stars. Not M-10, it has only 3. While Messier didn't discover a lot of the entries to his catalog he did discover this one on May 29, 1764. He described it as a "Nebula without stars, very pale." William Herschel was the first to see its true nature as being composed of stars saying "beautiful cluster of extremely compressed stars".

Most Messier globulars are so bright in the core I can't use my standard 10 minute luminance exposure without burning in the core. I was surprised to find that while it appears rather bright to the eye I was still able to use 10 minute luminance exposures. In fact I'd not intended to use a luminance channel, just a bunch (6 each) of RGB exposures. Unfortunately my horrid 2012 weather wiped most of those out leaving me with too few. So after several nights of trying I did finally grab 4 luminance frames. Likely part of the reason I could use 10 minute frames was the very poor transparency that night.

There are a couple asteroids in the image. The most obvious is on the left a bit below the horizontal centerline. It is (119503) 2001 UR124 at an estimated magnitude of 18.2. Normally such a bright asteroid would really stand out. It is rather dim here due to the poor transparency. The other one is difficult to see. It is near the bottom a bit left of centerline. The left end of the trail is lost in a rather dim star at the apex of 5 dim stars in the pattern of the ^ symbol. It is (69357) 1994 FU at an estimated 19.1 magnitude. There's a third one in the southern part of the cluster but at magnitude 19.7 it didn't survive the color image. I can barely see it in the luminance FITS stack if I use averted imagination. It is (154523) 2003 FF92. Under normal conditions it would be very obvious show how much I lost to a lousy sky.

There are several galaxies in the image but only 2 have redshift values. With only two I didn't prepare an annotated image. One is lost among the stars of the globular less than half way from the core to the edge (6dF J1656595-040746). The other is near the left edge above center and is just a typical small red fuzzy spot. NED lists both with EXACTLY the same redshift. z=0.087107. I find this very unusual. I've never seen this happen even in very dense galaxy clusters. Is one a misprint? That value translates to a light-travel time distance of 1.14 billion light-years using NED's 5 year WMAP calculation.

An HST image of the very center of the cluster in false color can be seen at:
http://www.nasa.gov/...luster-m10.html . The galaxy in the lower right corner of the HST image is not the one in NED. It is much closer to the core. The HST image has north to the left while mine has north at the top.

14" LX200R @ f/10, L=4x10' RG=2x10' B=3x10', STL-11000XM, Paramount ME

Only a full frame link this time.
http://www.spacebant...ntid=4547&stc=1

Rick

#2 Tyler Allred

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Posted 28 March 2013 - 05:45 PM

Beautiful!! I had never imaged it... I need to try this one.

#3 David Pavlich

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Posted 28 March 2013 - 09:16 PM

Really nice work, Rick!

David

#4 LazyLightning

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Posted 29 March 2013 - 02:38 AM

Beautiful resolution and star color Rick!

#5 Rick J

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Posted 29 March 2013 - 04:51 PM

Glad you like it. When faced with poor transparency go with something big and bright. Unfortunately I find the faint stuff more interesting so rarely follow that advice. This was an exception. I probably lost a lot of its fainter stars however.

Rick

#6 Harel_Boren

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Posted 29 March 2013 - 06:34 PM

Lovely image and great color.
Cheers,Harel

#7 alpal

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Posted 29 March 2013 - 08:49 PM

It's a great pic but I think it may have looked sharper with shorter exposures.

#8 kfir Simon

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Posted 30 March 2013 - 04:42 AM

What a great resolution!
And the colors are extraordinary.

A big WOW!

Kfir

#9 Hilmi

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Posted 30 March 2013 - 05:25 AM

I feel yours looks nicer than the Hubble version due to the lack of diffraction spikes. The Hubble version is too crowded. Good work on that one!

#10 Rick J

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Posted 30 March 2013 - 12:40 PM

Thanks all for the kind words. I thought the color a bit weak due to such poor conditions. Every frame used, lum and color had periods of total cloud cover. I doubt at any time was there not a haze layer of some sort getting in the way. Usually conditions like that harm the color of the fainter stars more than the brighter but in this case the skewing of the color was pretty much equal across the brightness range meaning it was correctable for the most part.

While I'm aware that for many shorter exposures can mean tighter stars it also means more read noise for which my camera has more than I'd like. Also my seeing isn't the kind that responds well to short exposures or AO. In any 10 second sub some stars will be tight and some horrid. In the next one different stars are fine and messed up. By the time of a one minute exposure all are the same. It doesn't change even after 10 minutes. They are still the same fuzz ball size. Stacking many 10 minute frames will sometimes tighten them a bit but the difference between 3.2" and 3.1" is hardly worth the effort and time. In my case seeing rarely moves stars around (this is where short exposures can help seeing) but causes them to randomly go in and out of focus without moving significantly. Nothing for AO to follow or short exposures to help unfortunately. Wish that were not the case but short of moving I'm stuck with it. And the rotten weather of the last 15 months.

Rick






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