TIFF from Vespera.
Post-processed with Affinity Photo using the starXterminator and Topaz Anti Noise plugins.
I have made separate layers with "no stars" and "only stars" and processed these two layers separately. Then combined the layers at the end.
The image was taken on the roof of my vacation house in a small town that was between bortle 4 and 5. No filters. The moon was not out but there were near-by LED street lights.
Image META information
|IPTC.By-line||Exp. time: 12800 sec., F/4, Foca|
|IPTC.Caption||NGC2237_44 (1280 exp)|
|Original File Size||969881|
|Sections Found||ANY_TAG, IFD0, EXIF|
|HTML Sizes||width="2125" height="2079"|
|Byte Order Motorola||TRUE|
|Image Description||NGC2237_44 (1280 exp)|
|Orientation||The 0th row is at the visual top of the image, and the 0th column is the visual left-hand side|
|Date Taken||2022:12:23 11:59:00|
|Artist||Exp. time: 12800 sec., F/4, Focal: 200 mm.|