November Celestial Calendar by Dave Mitsky
All times are UT (subtract five hours after DST ends and, when appropriate, one calendar day)
11/2 Venus is 3.5 degrees north-northeast of the first-magnitude star Spica (Alpha Virginis) at 18:00
11/3 The equation of time is at a maximum (16.48 minutes) for 2017 at 3:00; Uranus is 4.0 degrees north-northwest of the Moon at 3:00; asteroid 44 Nysa (magnitude +9.6) is at opposition at 6:00
11/4 Full Moon, known as the Beaver or Frost Moon, occurs at 5:23
11/5 Daylight Saving Time (DST) ends today; the Moon is 9.0 degrees south-southeast of the bright open cluster M45 (the Pleiades) in Taurus at 11:00; the peak of the Southern Taurid meteor shower (5 to 10 per hour) occurs at 12:00
11/6 The Moon is at perigee subtending 33' 04" from a distance of 361,438 kilometers (224,587 miles), at 0:10; the Moon is 0.8 degree north of the first-magnitude star Aldebaran (Alpha Tauri), with an occultation occurring in northwestern Asia, northern Europe, and most of North America, at 3:00
11/7 The Moon is 4.6 degrees south of the bright open cluster M35 in Gemini at 15:00
11/9 The Moon is 8.9 degrees south of the first-magnitude star Pollux (Beta Geminorum) at 3:00
11/10 The Moon is 2.4 degrees south of the bright open cluster M44 (the Beehive Cluster or Praesepe) in Cancer at 2:00; Last Quarter Moon occurs at 20:36; the Moon is at the ascending node (longitude 139.8 degrees) at 22:40
11/11 The Moon is 0.44 degree north-northeast of the first-magnitude star Regulus (Alpha Leonis), with an occultation occurring in Central America, southwestern North America, eastern Asia, and Japan, at 17:00
11/12 The Curtiss Cross, an X-shaped illumination effect located between the craters Parry and Gambart, is predicted to be at a midpoint at 11:43; the peak of the Northern Taurid meteor shower (5 to 10 per hour) is predicted to occur at 11:00; Mercury is 2.2 degrees north of the first-magnitude star Antares (Alpha Scorpii) at 22:00
11/13 Venus is 0.26 degree north-northeast of Jupiter at 8:00
11/15 Mars is 3.0 degrees south of the Moon at 1:00
11/16 Asteroid 4 Vesta is 0.41 degree north-northeast of the Moon, with an occultation occurring in the Kerguelen Islands, southwestern Africa, and eastern Brazil at 9:00; Comet 24P/Schaumasse is at perihelion (1.2063 astronomical units from the Sun) at 19.00; Jupiter is 4.0 degrees south of the Moon at 21:00
11/17 The Moon, Venus, and Jupiter lie within a circle with a diameter of 4.9 degrees at 4:00; Venus is 4.0 degrees south of the Moon at 6:00; the peak of the Leonid meteor shower (15 to 20 per hour) is predicted to occur at 18:00
11/18 Asteroid 7 Iris is at perihelion (1.8334 astronomical units from the Sun) at 9:00; New Moon (lunation 1174) occurs at 11:42; Mercury is at its greatest latitude south of the ecliptic plane (-7.0 degrees) at 18:00
11/20 The Martian northern hemisphere summer solstice occurs at 2:00; Mercury is 6.8 degrees south of the Moon at 11:00
11/21 Saturn is 3.0 degrees south of the Moon at 0:00; the Moon is at apogee, subtending 29' 25" from a distance of 406,131 kilometers (252,358 miles) at 18:53
11/22 Neptune is stationary in right ascension at 21:00
11/23 The Sun enters Scorpius (longitude 241.12 degrees on the ecliptic) at 6:00
11/24 Mercury is at greatest eastern elongation (22.0 degrees) at 0:00; Mercury is at its greatest declination south (-25.8 degrees) at 1:00
11/25 The Moon is at the descending node (longitude 318.0 degrees) at 8:25
11/26 The Lunar X (Purbach or Werner Cross), an X-shaped illumination effect involving various rims and ridges between the craters La Caille, Blanchinus, and Purbach, is predicted to occur at 00:46; First Quarter Moon occurs at 17:03
11/27 Neptune is 1.2 degrees north of the Moon, with an occultation occurring in western and central Antarctica, at 5:00
11/28 Mercury is 3.4 degrees south of Saturn at 9:00
11/30 The Sun enters the constellation of Ophiuchus (longitude 248.02 degrees on the ecliptic) at 1:00; Uranus is 4.1 degrees north-northwest of the Moon at 12:00
Edmund Halley, William Herschel, Harlow Shapley, and Edwin Hubble were born this month.
Wolfgang Schuler discovers Tycho’s Supernova on November 6, 1572. Cornelius Gemma independently discovers Tycho’s Supernova on November 9, 1572. Tycho Brahe observes Tycho’s Supernova on November 11, 1572. Nicolas-Claude Fabri de Peiresc makes the first telescopic observations of M42 (the Orion Nebula) on November 26, 1610. Jan Munck discovers Comet C/1743 X1 (the Great Comet of 1744) on November 29, 1743. Captain James Cook observes a transit of Mercury from New Zealand on November 9, 1769. The first photograph of a meteor was taken on November 26, 1885. The minor planet/comet 2060 Chiron or 95P/Chiron was discovered by Charles Kowal on November 1, 1977.
The peaks of the Southern and Northern Taurid meteor showers take place on November 5th and November 12th respectively. These streams form part of the complex associated with Comet 2P/Encke. Moonlight compromises the peaks of these two minor meteor showers. The Leonid meteor shower occurs on the morning of November 17th. Leonid meteors are debris from the periodic comet 55P/Tempel-Tuttle. Due to their high speed (71 kilometers or 44 miles per second), the fastest of any shower, the Leonids produce more fireballs than most meteor showers.
Information on Iridium flares and passes of the ISS, the Tiangong-1, the Tiangong-2, the X-37B, the HST, and other satellites can be found at http://www.heavens-above.com/
The Moon is 12.2 days old, is 86.9% illuminated, subtends 31.8 arc minutes, and resides in Aquarius on November 1st at 0:00 UT. Large tides will take place following Full Moon on November 4th. New Moon occurs on November 18th. The Moon reaches its greatest northern declination on November 8th (+19.5 degrees) and its greatest southern declination on November 22nd (-19.6 degrees). Longitudinal libration is at a maximum of +6.7 degrees on November 13th and a minimum of -7.6 degrees on November 29th. Latitudinal libration is at a maximum of +6.5 degrees on November 5th and a minimum of -6.6 degrees on November 18th. The Moon occults Aldebaran (magnitude +0.9) from most of North America on the night of November 5th and Regulus (magnitude +1.4) from southwestern North America during the day on November 11th (see http://www.lunar-occ...bstar/bstar.htm and page 51 of the November 2017 issue of Sky & Telescope). The waxing gibbous Moon occults Neptune from portions of Antarctica on November 27th. Consult http://www.lunar-occ...ota/iotandx.htm for information on lunar occultations taking place this month. Visit http://saberdoesthes...does-the-stars/ for tips on spotting extreme crescent Moons and http://www.curtrenz.com/moon06.html for Full Moon data. Times and dates for the lunar light rays predicted to occur this month are available at http://www.lunar-occ.../rays/rays.htm
The Sun is located in Libra on November 1 at 0:00 UT. It moves into Scorpius on November 23rd and Ophiuchus on November 30th.
Brightness, apparent size, illumination, distance from the Earth in astronomical units, and location data for the planets and Pluto on November 1: Mercury (-0.4, 4.9", 93% illuminated, 1.36 a.u., Libra), Venus (magnitude -3.9, 10.4", 96% illuminated, 1.61 a.u., Virgo), Mars (magnitude +1.8, 3.9", 97% illuminated, 2.41 a.u., Virgo), Jupiter (magnitude -1.7, 30.7", 100% illuminated, 6.43 a.u., Virgo), Saturn (magnitude +0.5, 15.5", 100% illuminated, 10.73 a.u., Ophiuchus), Uranus (magnitude +5.7, 3.7", 100% illuminated, 19.03 a.u. on November 16th, Pisces), Neptune (magnitude +7.9, 2.3", 100% illuminated, 29.63 a.u. on November 16th, Aquarius), and Pluto (magnitude +14.3, 0.1", 100% illuminated, 34.02 a.u. on November 16th, Sagittarius).
During the evening, Mercury and Saturn are in the southwest, Uranus is in the east, and Neptune is in the southeast. Uranus lies in the southwest and Neptune in the west at midnight. Venus and Jupiter are located in the east and Mars in southeast in the morning sky.
Venus, Mars, and Jupiter are all located in Libra on November 1st.
Mercury is well positioned in the evening sky in November. It departs Libra and enters Scorpius on November 5th and subsequently enters Sagittarius on November 27th. The smallest planet lies 2.2 degrees north of Antares on November 12th and is at its greatest heliocentric latitude south on November 18th. Mercury is 6.8 degrees south of the Moon on November 20th and is at greatest eastern elongation on November 24th. It passes three degrees south of Saturn on November 27th.
Venus rises approximately 90 minutes before sunrise and is situated about four degrees north of Spica on November 1st. Venus lies 16 degrees from the Sun on that date. By November 30th, its elongation is only 10 degrees. The brilliant planet lies four degrees south of a very thin waning crescent Moon on November 17th.
On November 1st, Mars rises almost three hours before the Sun. The planet’s eastward motion carries it 1.8 degrees south of the binary star Porrima or Gamma Virginis (magnitude +2.8) on November 9th and 3.3 degrees north of Spica (magnitude +1.0) on November 28th. The Martian northern hemisphere summer begins on November 30th. Mars increases in angular size from 3.9 to 4.2 arc seconds this month.
Jupiter rises some two hours before the Sun by the end of November. It shines at its minimum brightness of magnitude -1.7 and subtends just 31arc seconds this month. Jupiter lies four degrees south of the waning crescent Moon on November 16th.
Saturn sinks into evening twilight as November progresses. It lies just 15 degrees above the horizon in the southwest an hour after the Sun sets on November 1st. M8 (the Lagoon Nebula) and M20 (the Trifid nebula) are about six degrees east of Saturn in early November. The Ringed Planet departs Ophiuchus and enters Sagittarius on November 19th. It is three degrees south of the waxing crescent Moon on the evening of November 20th.
Uranus continues to retrograde through Pisces this month. The ice giant planet lies 4.1 degrees north-northwest of the Moon on November 30th. Uranus can be found 2.3 degrees west of the fourth-magnitude star Omicron Piscium on November 1st and 3.2 degrees west of that star on November 30th. Browse http://bluewaterastr...-chart-2017.png for a finder chart.
Neptune is stationary in right ascension and resumes direct (eastward) motion on November 22nd. The eighth planet is occulted by the waxing gibbous Moon from parts of Antarctica on November 27th. Neptune is positioned 0.6 degree south of the fourth-magnitude star Lambda Aquarii this month. A finder chart is posted at http://bluewaterastr...-chart-2017.png
Additional online finder charts for Uranus and Neptune can be found at http://www.nakedeyep....com/uranus.htm and http://www.nakedeyep...com/neptune.htm and also at http://wwwcdn.skyand...s_Neptune17.pdf
Pluto lies too close to the horizon to be observed this month.
For more on the planets and how to locate them, see http://www.nakedeyeplanets.com/
Asteroid 7 Iris shines at seventh magnitude as it travels southward through Aries this month. Iris lies two degrees east of Beta Arietis (magnitude +2.7) in early November, 0.4 degree east of the excellent binary star Gamma Arietis (magnitude +3.9) on November 12th, and 0.5 degree east of 4 Arietis (magnitude +5.9) on November 29th. Asteroid 44Nysa (magnitude +9.6) is at opposition on November 3rd. Other moderately bright asteroids reaching opposition this month include 532 Herculina (magnitude +10.4) on November 2nd, 48 Doris (magnitude +10.9) on November 8th, and 42 Isis (magnitude +10.4) on November 17th. For information on this year’s bright asteroids and upcoming asteroid occultation events respectively, consult http://www.curtrenz.com/asteroids and http://asteroidoccultation.com/
Comet C/2016 R2 (PanSTARRS) may reach tenth magnitude in brightness as it passes northwestward through Orion during November. The rather dim Oort Cloud comet is located one degree north-northwest of the second-magnitude star Delta Orionis (Mintaka), the westernmost star in the Belt of Orion, on November 1st and one degree north of Rho Orionis (magnitude +4.5) on November 21st. For additional information on comets visible this month, browse http://cometchasing.skyhound.com/ and http://www.aerith.ne.../future-n.html
Two stars with exoplanetary systems, Upsilon Andromedae (magnitude +4.1) and 51 Andromedae (magnitude +5.5), can be seen this month without optical aid.
The famous eclipsing variable star Algol (Beta Persei) is at a minimum, decreasing in brightness from magnitude +2.1 to magnitude +3.4, on November 2nd, 5th, 8th, 10th, 13th, 16th, 19th, 22nd, 25th, and 28th. Consult http://www.skyandtel...watching-tools/ and page 51 of the November 2017 issue of Sky & Telescope for the eclipse times. For more on Algol, see http://stars.astro.i.../sow/Algol.html and http://www.solstatio...ars2/algol3.htm
Data on current supernovae can be found at http://www.rochester...y.org/snimages/
Information on observing some of the more prominent Messier galaxies can be found at http://www.cloudynig...ur-astronomers/
Seventy binary and multiple stars for November: Otto Struve 514, Alpha Andromedae (Alpheratz), Struve 3, h1947, Struve 19, Struve 24, 26 Andromedae, Struve 40, Pi Andromedae, Delta Andromedae, Struve 47, Eta Andromedae, Struve 79, Beta Andromedae (Mirach), Struve 108, Struve 179, South 404 (Andromeda); 1 Arietis, Struve 178, Gamma Arietis, Lambda Arietis (Mesarthim) (Aries); Struve 3053, Struve 3057, Struve 16, Struve 30, Otto Struve 16, Alpha Cassiopeiae (Schedar), Struve 59, Eta Cassiopeiae, Burnham 1, Struve 70, Otto Struve 23, h1088, Struve 163, Struve 170, Struve 182 (Cassiopeia); 34 Piscium, Struve 8, 35 Piscium, Struve 15, 38 Piscium, 42 Piscium, 49 Piscium, 51 Piscium, 55 Piscium, 65 Piscium, Psi Piscium, Otto Struve 22, Struve 98, Otto Struve 26, Phi Piscium, Zeta Piscium, h636, Otto Struve 30, Struve 122, Struve 132, Otto Struve 31, 100 Piscium, Struve 145, 107 Piscium, h644 (Pisces); h5440, Kappa-1 Sculptoris, h1949, h3442, h3379, Tau Sculptoris, Epsilon Sculptoris (Sculptor); Struve 143, Struve 183 (Triangulum)
Notable carbon star for November: Z Piscium
Seventy deep-sky objects for November: M31, M32, M110, NGC 252, NGC 404, NGC 752 (Andromeda); NGC 680, NGC 691, NGC 697, NGC 772 (Aries); Cr 463, IC 1747, K14, M103, NGC 129, NGC 133, NGC 146, NGC 185, NGC 225, NGC 281, NGC 278, NGC 381, NGC 436, NGC 457, NGC 559, NGC 637, NGC 654, NGC 659, NGC 663, Tr 1 (Cassiopeia); NGC 40, NGC 188 (Cepheus); NGC 151, NGC 175, NGC 178, NGC 210, NGC 227, NGC 245, NGC 246, NGC 247, NGC 274, NGC 337, NGC 578, NGC 584, NGC 596, NGC 615, NGC 636, NGC 681, NGC 720, NGC 779 (Cetus); NGC 7814 (Pegasus); M76, St 4 (Perseus); M74, NGC 128, NGC 194, NGC 488, NGC 524 (Pisces); NGC 24, NGC 55, NGC 134, NGC 150, NGC 253, NGC 254, NGC 288, NGC 289, NGC 439, NGC 613 (Sculptor); M33, NGC 672 (Triangulum)
Top ten binocular deep-sky objects for November: M31, M33, M103, NGC 225, NGC 288, NGC 253, NGC 457, NGC 654, NGC 663, NGC 752
Top ten deep-sky objects for November: M31, M32, M33, M76, M103, M110, NGC 40, NGC 253, NGC 457, NGC 752
Challenge deep-sky object for November: IC 59 (Cassiopeia)
The objects listed above are located between 0:00 and 2:00 hours of right ascension.