You can infer from the lack of response to your question that this is perplexing for a lot of people.
Sketcher is correct about the change of convention for the Moon. In 1961, the IAU dropped the old convention and adopted the new one--east and west on Luna are the same as on Earth. So if you are standing on Luna, the Sun rises in the east and sets in the west. If you are in the northern hemisphere looking at Luna naked eye or with binoculars (the correct image view), east is on the right and west is on the left. The same is true of the limbs. Celestial north and south is used for the poles, of course.
I believe this same convention is used on Mars because we have rovers on Mars.
Most planetary observers use preceding and following on the planets (celestial west and east) to indicate the direction of rotation. If you do this then it doesn't matter whether the image, sketch, or observation is done with an inverting, mirror-reversed, or correct image instrument--you (and your audience) can stay oriented.
I've never heard of using preceding and following for the Moon, probably because it rotates so slowly. You can stay oriented when looking at the Moon through a telescope by noting how the Sun is casting shadows. The sunny side of a crater is on the east before full moon and on the west after.
Celestial north-south-east-west is used for Venus even though it's upside down and Uranus even though it's on its side. Nice, huh?
The convention for the Sun is celestial N-S-E-W. It rotates slowly but if any sunspots are visible you know that they are rotating in the direction of the drift, i.e., to the west.
Edited by Special Ed, 17 August 2018 - 12:23 PM.