ClarkW: am native Dutch so I can make a direct translation if you want. The two other Dutch contestants of the patent claim were Zacharias (Zackary) Jansen and Jacob Metius. As far as I can find on various websites, cannot read that hardwritten scribbling on that website, it is only the letter of recommendation by the Gecommitteerde Raden (comparable to the State House of Representatives nowadays). The province that issued this letter, Zeeland, was the second but most important province of that time (First being Holland). However, it, is not the patent application itself. Of course this was legally a very strong document though.
However, I found where I can find this document. It is in the archives of the Dutch parliament. If you want me to try to make a full copy, just nudge. Here is a link that will provide you with more information in English: https://www.dwc.knaw...-12-Origins.pdf
This link will provide probably all the answers of the riddle of who invented the telescope once and for all. Note btw, that this book is published by the Dutch academy of sciences, a credible source.
BGRE: Yes, it was granted in the end as far as I know. The stadtholder of that time, Prince Maurice of Orange-Nassau (In the NLs known as Prins Maurits) was convinced of it's military value by being able to read the clock tower from The Hague to Delft (about 10km away) and details in the city of Leiden (about 35km away). He even showed it to his archenemy, Ambrogio Spinola who reportedly said "now I have nothing to hide, my war is lost.". This resulted in 12 years of armistice (Twaalfjarig bestand) between the Dutch and the Spanish. The final peace treaty was signed about 40 years later though.