Congratulations on the new scope!
I'll expand a little with viewing and using the scope.
Looking through a scope at night is a totally different experience for our eyes. Effectively you will need to re-learn how to see.
Planets: These are always small in the eyepiece. They are also very bright on their own so can appear glaring against the black background. And the surface features are low in contrast by comparison. Be patient with your eyes as they slowly adjust. Rush, expecting them to appear as crystal clear as a photo in a book or monitor, and you are only in for disappointment. The detail is there, just let your eyes adjust.
Colour filters can help, but for now just use what you have. Filters will only help bring out specific features according to their colour, but not make the whole of the image clearer. And with your size aperture, avoid very deep colour filters as these will kill too much light coming through the eyepiece. When you start looking at colour filters, you will come across the myriad of colours and their intensity.
What will most affect your ability to see detail at high magnification is what is called "seeing". This is the amount of thermal energy in the atmosphere. If the atmosphere has a lot of heat, the image will look like it is shimmering and waving about, and focusing is very difficult if not impossible as the image comes in and out of focus. There is nothing we can do about it. And it does not matter how big or small your scope is, seeing affects everyone exactly the same way. The best you can do is focus as best as you can and wait for those moments of clarity in the image. These may last only a few seconds, but when they do the image is astoundingly clear!
Moon: Low magnification will make the image painful and very bright. Increasing the magnification helps a lot, and where the surface features are easiest to see along the terminator, you won't need any form of filter to tone down the glare.
Deep Sky Objects: These are best seen from under a dark sky. Urban skies have a lot of light pollution in them, which washes out faint deep sky objects. But no matter if under urban or dark skies, you need to give your eyes time to adjust to the dark before attempting to view them. This may take 10 to 15 minutes to fully dark adapt your eyes.
And because they are dim, try NOT to look at them directly, but just to one side of your central vision. This is because of how our eyes work. Our central vision is fantastic under bright light, detail and colour. Under very low illumination conditions our central vision performs poorly. Instead it is the area around our central vision that is rich with rods and cones in our eyes that allows for both good low light performance and detail to be seen. This viewing technique is call Averted Vision. Try to use your central vision with dim objects, and they will appear to "disappear".
Averted Vision is a skill that needs to be learned. But it is NOT a new skill you must learn! You already use it every night! When in your bedroom in the dark, you would have noticed how when you look around the dimly lit room that when you look at something directly it somehow "disappears", but then reappears again when you look at it just to the side. THIS is averted vision. THIS is the very same thing you need to do at the eyepiece for dim deep sky objects.
And keep magnification low with deep sky objects, that is use your longest focal length eyepiece. The Andromeda Galaxy is a blooming HUGE sucker, and it is way too big to be seen whole in anything but binoculars. No matter what eyepiece you may like to use in your scope, you will not fit all of it in, just a fraction. Because deep sky objects are extended, that is spread out, keeping the magnification down concentrates their light into a smaller area. Once you locate the object, you may like to increase the magnification a little at a time to see how THAT object responds to it. Increasing magnification is not the best for most deep sky objects, and this is not the place for a more in depth how-to.