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November 2022 Celestial Calendar

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#1 Dave Mitsky

Dave Mitsky


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Posted 08 November 2022 - 01:24 AM

November Celestial Calendar by Dave Mitsky


All times are UT (subtract five hours after DST ends and, when appropriate, one calendar day)


11/1   First Quarter Moon occurs at 6:37; the Lunar X (Purbach or Werner Cross), an X-shaped clair-obscur illumination effect involving various rims and ridges between the craters La Caille, Blanchinus, and Purbach, is predicted to occur at 7:18; the Moon is 4.0 degrees south of Saturn at 21:00
11/3   A double Galilean satellite shadow transit begins at 00:22; the Moon is 1.0 degrees south of asteroid 3 Juno, with an occultation taking place in far southeastern Polynesia and most of Antarctica, at 8:00
11/4   The Moon is 3.0 degrees south of Neptune at 8:00; the Moon is 2.0 degrees south of Jupiter at 20:00
11/5   The peak of the Southern Taurid meteor shower (a zenithal hourly rate of 10 per hour) is predicted to occur at 18:00
11/6   Daylight Saving Time (DST) ends today
11/8   A total lunar eclipse begins at 10:16 and ends at 11:41; Full Moon occurs at 11:02; the Moon is 0.8 degrees north of Uranus, with an occultation taking place in most of northern and western Canada, the northern half of Greenland, Svalbard, Alaska, most of Russia, and most of Asia, at 13:00; Mercury is in superior conjunction at 17:00
11/9   Mercury is at the descending node today; Uranus (magnitude 5.7, angular size 3.7 arc seconds) is at opposition at 8:00
11/11 The Moon is 2.0 degrees north of Mars at 14:00
11/12 The peak of the Northern Taurid meteor shower (a zenithal hourly rate of 15 per hour) is predicted to occur at 18:00
11/14 The Moon is 1.7 degrees south of the first-magnitude star Pollux (Beta Geminorum) at 00:00; the Moon is at apogee, subtending 29' 31" from a distance of 404,921 kilometers (251,606 miles) at 6:40
11/16 Last Quarter Moon occurs at 13:27

11/17 The Curtiss Cross, an X-shaped clair-obscur illumination effect located between the craters Parry and Gambart, is predicted to be visible at 9:01

11/18 The peak of the Leonid meteor shower (a zenithal hourly rate of 15 per hour) is predicted to occur at 00:00
11/19 Mercury is at aphelion today
11/21 Venus is at the descending node today
11/23 New Moon (lunation 1236) occurs at 22:57
11/24 Jupiter is stationary at 13:00; asteroid 2 Pallas is stationary at 13:00
11/26 The Moon is at perigee, subtending 32' 56" from a distance of 362,826 kilometers (225,450 miles), at 1:31
11/29 The Moon is 4.0 degrees south of Saturn at 5:00
11/30 First Quarter Moon occurs at 14:36; the Lunar X (Purbach or Werner Cross), an X-shaped clair-obscur illumination effect involving various rims and ridges between the craters La Caille, Blanchinus, and Purbach, is predicted to occur at 20:31

Nicolaus Copernicus observes a lunar eclipse on November 5, 1500. Wolfgang Schuler independently discovers Tycho’s Supernova on November 6, 1572. Cornelius Gemma independently discovers Tycho’s Supernova on November 9, 1572. Tycho Brahe observes Tycho’s Supernova on November 11, 1572. SN 1604 (Kepler’s Supernova) becomes visible to the unaided eye on October 9, 1604. Nicolas-Claude Fabri de Peiresc makes the first telescopic observations of M42 (the Orion Nebula) on November 26, 1610. Jan de Munck discovers Comet C/1743 X1 (the Great Comet of 1744) on November 29, 1743. Captain James Cook observes a transit of Mercury from New Zealand on November 9, 1769. William Herschel discovers the ring galaxy NGC 922 on November 17, 1784. E.E. Barnard discovers the emission nebula NGC 281 (the Pacman Nebula) on November 16, 1881. The first photograph of a meteor was taken on November 26, 1885. The minor planet/comet 2060 Chiron or 95P/Chiron was discovered by Charles Kowal on November 1, 1977.


The peaks of the Southern and Northern Taurid meteor showers take place on November 5th and November 12th respectively. These streams form part of the complex associated with Comet 2P/Encke. The Leonid meteor shower occurs on the night of November 17th/18th. A 36%-illuminated waning crescent Moon will somewhat adversely affect observing the Leonids this year. The shower's radiant lies about five degrees west of the third-magnitude-star Zeta Leonis (Adhafera) in western Leo. A potential outburst of 50 to 300 meteors per hour may occur around 6:00 UT on November 19th (see pages 16 to 19 of the November issue of Astronomy and page 50 of the November issue of Sky & Telescope.). Leonid meteors are debris from the periodic comet 55P/Tempel-Tuttle, which last reached perihelion in 1998. Due to their high speed (71 kilometers or 44 miles per second), the fastest of any meteor shower, the Leonids produce more fireballs than most showers. Browse https://earthsky.org...-meteor-shower/ for information on the 2022 Leonids. See https://skyandtelesc...howers-of-2022/ for information on 2022’s better meteor showers.


Information on passes of the ISS, the Tiangong, the X-37B, the HST, Starlink, and other satellites can be found at http://www.heavens-above.com/


The Moon is 6.4 days old, is 45.1% illuminated, subtends 32.4 arc minutes, and resides in Capricornus on November 1st at 0:00 UT. The Moon reaches its greatest northern declination on November 13th (+27.4 degrees) and its greatest southern declination on November 26th (-27.3 degrees). Longitudinal libration is at a maximum of +5.3 degrees on November 7th and a minimum of -6.1 degrees on November 20th. Latitudinal libration is at a maximum of +6.8 degrees on November 2nd and +6.7 degrees on November 29th and a minimum of -6.8 degrees on November 16th. Favorable librations for the following lunar features occur on the indicated dates: Mare Humboldtianum on November 3rd, Mare Marginis on November 6th, Crater Pingre S on November 17th, and Vallis Inghirami on November 21st. A total lunar eclipse, the 20th of 72 eclipses in Saros 136, occurs on November 8th. The partial phases begin at 9:09 UT and end at 12:49 UT. Totality occurs from 10:16 to 11:41 UT. Greatest eclipse takes place at 10:59 UT. The total lunar eclipse will be visible from Asia, Australia, the Pacific and north Atlantic Oceans, and the Americas. An article on the eclipse appears on pages 48 and 49 of the November 2022 issue of Sky & Telescope. The Moon is at apogee on November 14th and is at perigee on November 26th. New Moon occurs on November 23rd. The Moon is near the bright open cluster M45 (the Pleiades or Subaru) in Taurus at 15:00 on November 9th, the first-magnitude star Aldebaran (Alpha Tauri) at 9:00 on November 10th, the bright open cluster M35 in Gemini at 5:00 on November 12th, the first-magnitude star Castor (Alpha Geminorum) at 19:00 on November 13th, the first-magnitude star Pollux (Beta Geminorum) at 1:00 on November 14th, the bright open cluster M44 (the Beehive Cluster or Praesepe) in Cancer at 5:00 on November 15th, the first-magnitude star Regulus (Alpha Leonis) at 2:00 on November 17th, and the first-magnitude star Spica (Alpha Virginis) at 8:00 on November 21st. The Moon occults asteroid 3 Juno on November 3rd and Uranus on November 8th from certain parts of the world. Consult http://www.lunar-occ...ota/iotandx.htm for information on lunar occultation events. Visit https://saberdoesthe...does-the-stars/ for tips on spotting extreme crescent Moons and https://curtrenz.com/moon.html for Full Moon and other lunar data. Browse https://skyandtelesc...ads/MoonMap.pdf and https://celestron-si...RReeves-web.pdf and https://nightsky.jpl...ObserveMoon.pdf for simple lunar maps. Click on http://astrostrona.pl/moon-map for an excellent online lunar map. Visit http://www.ap-i.net/avl/en/start to download the free Virtual Moon Atlas. Consult http://time.unitariu...moon/where.html for current information on the Moon and https://www.fourmila.../lunarform.html for information on various lunar features. See https://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/4955 for a lunar phase and libration calculator and https://quickmap.lro...2vIBvAXwF1SizSg for the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter Camera (LROC) Quickmap. Click on https://www.calendar...r/2022/november for a lunar phase calendar for this month. Times and dates for the lunar crater light rays predicted to occur this month are available at http://www.lunar-occ...o/rays/rays.htm


The Sun is located in Libra on November 1st at 0:00 UT.


Brightness, apparent size, illumination, distance from the Earth in astronomical units, and location data for the planets and Pluto on November 1st: Mercury (magnitude -1.2, 4.8", 99% illuminated, 1.40 a.u., Virgo), Venus (magnitude -4.0, 9.7", 100% illuminated, 1.71 a.u., Libra), Mars (magnitude -1.2, 15.1", 94% illuminated, 0.62 a.u., Taurus), Jupiter (magnitude -2.8, 47.6", 100% illuminated, 4.14 a.u., Pisces), Saturn (magnitude +0.7, 17.3", 100% illuminated, 9.63 a.u., Capricornus), Uranus (magnitude +5.6, 3.8", 100% illuminated, 18.70 a.u. on November 16th, Aries), Neptune (magnitude +7.9, 2.3", 100% illuminated, 29.42 a.u. on November 16th, Aquarius), and Pluto (magnitude +14.4, 0.1", 100% illuminated, 35.09 a.u. on November 16th, Sagittarius).


During the evening, Mars and Uranus are in the east, Jupiter and Neptune are in the southeast, and Saturn is in the south. Mars lies in the east, Uranus in the south, and Jupiter, Saturn, and Neptune in the west at midnight. Mars and Uranus are located in the west in the morning sky.

Information on the planets for November is available at https://skynews.ca/p...-november-2022/ and https://earthsky.org...saturn-mercury/


For more on the planets and how to locate them, see http://www.nakedeyeplanets.com/


The graphic at https://www.timeandd...lanets/distance displays the apparent and comparative sizes of the planets, along with their magnitudes and distances, for a given date and time.


The graphic at https://www.astrolea...copes85x 11.pdf compares the apparent size of the bright planets to that of the Moon.


The article at https://britastro.or...-size-of-things discusses the sizes and distances of the planets of the solar system and a number of other celestial bodies in terms of a scale model.


A wealth of current information on solar system celestial bodies is posted at http://nineplanets.org/ and http://www.curtrenz.com/astronomy.html


Information on the celestial events transpiring each week can be found at http://astronomy.com/skythisweek and http://www.skyandtel...ky-at-a-glance/


Two stars with exoplanetary systems, Upsilon Andromedae (magnitude +4.1) and 51 Andromedae (magnitude +5.5), can be seen this month without optical aid.


The famous eclipsing variable star Algol (Beta Persei) is at a minimum, decreasing in brightness from magnitude +2.1 to magnitude +3.4, on November 2th, 5th, 8th, 11th, 14th, 17th, 20th, 23rd, 25th, and 28th. Consult

http://www.skyandtel...watching-tools/ and page 50 of the November 2022 issue of Sky & Telescope for the times of the eclipses. The chance of seeing Algol at least one magnitude fainter than normal on a random night is about 1 in 30. For more on Algol, see http://stars.astro.i.../sow/Algol.html and http://www.solstatio...ars2/algol3.htm


Free star charts for the month can be downloaded at http://www.skymaps.com/downloads.html and http://whatsouttonight.com/ and https://www.telescop...thly-Star-Chart


Data on current supernovae can be found at http://www.rochester...y.org/snimages/


Finder charts for the Messier objects and other deep-sky objects are posted at https://freestarcharts.com/messier and https://freestarcharts.com/ngc-ic and https://www.cambridg...ctober-december


Telrad finder charts for the Messier Catalog and the SAC’s 110 Best of the NGC are posted at http://www.custerobs...cs/messier2.pdf and http://sao64.free.fr...ataloguesac.pdf respectively.


Information pertaining to observing some of the more prominent Messier galaxies can be found at http://www.cloudynig...r-astronomers/ 


Author Phil Harrington offers an excellent freeware planetarium program for binocular observers known as TUBA (Touring the Universe through Binoculars Atlas), which also includes information on purchasing binoculars, at http://www.philharrington.net/tuba.htm


Stellarium and Cartes du Ciel are useful freeware planetarium programs that are available at http://stellarium.org/ and https://www.ap-i.net/skychart/en/start


Deep-sky object list generators can be found at http://www.virtualcolony.com/sac/ and http://tonightssky.com/MainPage.php and https://telescopius.com/


Freeware sky atlases of varying "depth" can be downloaded at http://www.deepskywa...nter-atlas.html and http://www.olle-erik...night-sky-maps/ and https://allans-stuff...ude-star-atlas/


Seventy binary and multiple stars for November: Otto Struve 514, Alpha Andromedae (Alpheratz), Struve 3, h1947, Struve 19, Struve 24, 26 Andromedae, Struve 40, Pi Andromedae, Delta Andromedae, Struve 47, Eta Andromedae, Struve 79, Beta Andromedae (Mirach), Struve 108, Struve 179, South 404 (Andromeda); 1 Arietis, Struve 178, Gamma Arietis, Lambda Arietis (Mesarthim) (Aries); Struve 3053, Struve 3057, Struve 16, Struve 30, Otto Struve 16, Alpha Cassiopeiae (Schedar), Struve 59, Eta Cassiopeiae, Burnham 1, Struve 70, Otto  Struve 23, h1088, Struve 163, Struve 170, Struve 182 (Cassiopeia); 34 Piscium, Struve 8, 35 Piscium, Struve 15, 38 Piscium, 42 Piscium, 49  Piscium, 51 Piscium, 55 Piscium, 65 Piscium, Psi Piscium, Otto Struve 22, Struve 98, Otto Struve 26, Phi Piscium, Zeta Piscium, h636, Otto Struve 30, Struve 122, Struve 132, Otto Struve 31, 100 Piscium, Struve 145, 107 Piscium, h644 (Pisces); h5440, Kappa-1 Sculptoris, h1949, h3442, h3379, Tau Sculptoris, Epsilon Sculptoris (Sculptor); Struve 143, Struve 183 (Triangulum)


Notable carbon star for November: Z Piscium


Seventy deep-sky objects for November: M31, M32, M110, NGC 252, NGC 404, NGC 752 (Andromeda); NGC 680, NGC 691, NGC 697, NGC 772 (Aries); Cr 463, IC 1747, K14, M103, NGC 129, NGC 133, NGC 146, NGC 185, NGC 225, NGC 281, NGC 278, NGC 381, NGC 436, NGC 457, NGC 559, NGC 637, NGC 654, NGC 659, NGC 663, Tr 1 (Cassiopeia); NGC 40, NGC 188 (Cepheus); NGC 151, NGC 175, NGC 178, NGC 210, NGC 227, NGC 245, NGC 246, NGC 247, NGC 274, NGC 337, NGC 578, NGC 584, NGC 596, NGC 615, NGC 636, NGC 681, NGC 720, NGC 779 (Cetus); NGC 7814 (Pegasus); M76, St 4 (Perseus); M74, NGC 128, NGC 194, NGC 488, NGC 524 (Pisces); NGC 24, NGC 55, NGC 134, NGC 150, NGC 253, NGC 254, NGC 288, NGC 289, NGC 439, NGC 613 (Sculptor); M33, NGC 672 (Triangulum)


Top ten binocular deep-sky objects for November: M31, M33, M103, NGC 225, NGC 288, NGC 253, NGC 457, NGC 654, NGC 663, NGC 752


Top ten deep-sky objects for November: M31, M32, M33, M76, M103, M110, NGC 40, NGC 253, NGC 457, NGC 752


Challenge deep-sky object for November: IC 59 (Cassiopeia)


The objects listed above are located between 0:00 and 2:00 hours of right ascension.


(This is an abridged version of the calendar.)


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